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Revista EMERGENCIAS




  REVISTA EMERGENCIAS SEMES > ARTÍCULOS

Emergencias 2012; 24: 96-100

Analysis of medication-related problems detected after bringing a pharmacist onto the emergency department staff

MARISOL UCHA SAMARTÍN , ÁNGEL PICHEL LOUREIRO , CRISTINA VÁZQUEZ LÓPEZ , IGNACIO BENITO GARCÍA , NOEMÍ MARTÍNEZ LÓPEZ DE CASTRO , LUIS AMADOR BARNIELA

Servicio de Farmacia, Hospital Meixoeiro (CHUVI), Vigo, Spain.

Objective: To analyze the incidence of medication problems in an emergency department after incorporation of a pharmacist into the multidisciplinary team. Methods: Prospective observational study lasting 1 year. All patients in observation and preadmission beds were included. The pharmacist verified the patients' medication use and when problems came to light the team discussed them and came to an agreement on the recommended course of action. The reasons for problems and their seriousness were analyzed, along with patient characteristics (demographic and clinical) and the medical specialty involved. Results: A total of 1725 medication interventions in 950 patients (59.5% under the care of emergency physicians, 29.3% under another specialist physician's care, and 11.2% under a surgeon's care); 668 were therapeutic replacements and 1057 were medication errors. Problems affected the safety we seen in patients under an emergency physician’s care (68%) (P<.05), while prescription problems were mainly in patients under a surgeon's care (48%) (P<.05). Agents affecting the cardiovascular system (27.3%) or the digestive tract (22.3%) were most often involved in problems. Most required a change in therapy or increased monitoring (71.1%). Seventy-eight percent of the problems were solved, and 11% could not be assessed (half in patients under an emergency physician’s care) (P<.05). The incorporation of an emergency department pharmacist led to an estimated savings of 20% in medication costs. Conclusions: The emergency department has a high incidence of problems related to medication. Incorporating a staff pharmacist and training multidisciplinary teams are measures that help correct medication problems early and improve the cost-effectiveness of drug therapy.


Texto Completo: http://www.semes.org/revista/vol24_2/4_ing.pdf


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